|A photographic reproduction of the painting Loke och Sigyn showing the two mythological figures during Loki's bondage.Created in 1863. First published (as an engraving by Gunnar Vidar Forssell) in 1893.Mårten Eskil Winge (1825-1896)|
a goddess and wife of Loki in Norse mythology. Sigyn is attested in the Poetic
Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the
Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. In the Poetic
Edda, little information is provided about Sigyn other than her role in assisting
Loki during his captivity. In the Prose Edda, her role in helping her husband
through his time spent in bondage is stated again, she appears in various
kennings, and her status as a goddess is twice stated. Sigyn may appear on
the Gosforth Cross and has been the subject of an amount of theory and cultural
attested in the following works:
35 of the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, a Völva tells Odin
that, amongst many other things, she sees Sigyn sitting very unhappily with
her bound husband, Loki, under a "grove of hot springs". Sigyn is
mentioned a second (and final) time in the ending prose section of the poem
Lokasenna. In the prose, Loki has been bound by the gods with the guts of
his son Nari, his son Váli is described as having been turned into
a wolf, and the goddess Skaði fastens a venomous snake over Loki's face,
from which venom drips. Sigyn, stated again as Loki's wife, holds a basin
under the dripping venom. The basin grows full, and she pulls it away, during
which time venom drops on Loki, causing him to writhe so violently that earthquakes
occur that shake the entire earth.
Sigyn appears in the books Gylfaginning and Skáldskaparmál in the Prose Edda. In Gylfaginning, Sigyn is introduced in chapter 31. There, she is introduced as the wife of Loki, and that they have a son by the name of "Nari or Narfi". Sigyn is mentioned again in Gylfaginning in chapter 50, where events are described differently than in Lokasenna. Here, the gods have captured Loki and his two sons, whom are stated as Váli, described as a son of Loki, and "Nari or Narfi", the latter earlier described as also a son of Sigyn. Váli is changed into a wolf by the gods, and rips apart his brother "Nari or Narfi". The guts of "Nari or Narfi" are then used to tie Loki to three stones, after which the guts turn to iron, and Skaði places a snake above Loki. Sigyn places herself beside him, where she holds out a bowl to catch the dripping venom. However, when the bowl becomes full, she leaves to pour out the venom. As a result, Loki is again described as shaking so violently that the planet shakes, and this process repeats until he breaks free, setting Ragnarök into motion.
introduced as a goddess, an ásynja, in the Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál,
where the gods are holding a grand feast for the visiting Ægir.
Bob. Mesdag, J. Mesdag, Hans. Donner, Dingena A. (2000). Bread Making Quality
of Wheat: A Century of Breeding in Europe. Springer. ISBN 0792363833
* Byock, Jesse (Trans.) (2006). The Prose Edda. Penguin Classics. ISBN 0140447555
* Faulkes, Anthony (Trans.) (1995). Edda. Everyman. ISBN 0-4608-7616-3
* Larrington, Carolyne (Trans.) (1999). The Poetic Edda. Oxford World's Classics. ISBN 0192839462
* Orchard, Andy (1997). Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend. Cassell. ISBN 0 304 34520 2
* Simek, Rudolf (2007) translated by Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. D.S. Brewer. ISBN 0859915131
To Norse Gods
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