In Norse mythology, Vidar is a god among the Æsir associated with vengeance. Víðarr is described as the son of Odin and the jötunn Gríðr, and is foretold to avenge his father's death by killing the wolf Fenrir at Ragnarök, a conflict which he is described as surviving.
In the Poetic Edda, Víðarr is mentioned in the poems Völuspá, Vafthrúdnismál, Grímnismál, and Lokasenna. In stanzas 54 and 55 of the poem Völuspá, a völva tells Odin that his son Víðarr will avenge Odin's death at Ragnarök by stabbing Fenrir in the heart. In stanzas 51 and 53 of Vafthrúdnismál , Vafþrúðnir states that Víðarr and his brother Váli will both live in the "temples of the gods" after Surtr's fire has ceded and that Víðarr will avenge the death of his father Odin by sundering the cold jaws of Fenrir in battle.
to Lokasenna, Loki rebukes the gods at the start of the poem for not properly
welcoming him to the feast at Ægir's hall. In stanza 10, Odin
finally relents to the rules of hospitality, urging Víðarr
to stand and pour a drink for the quarrelsome guest. Víðarr
does so, and then Loki toasts the Æsir before beginning his flyting.
Víðarr is referenced in the book Gylfaginning in chapters 29, 51, and 53. In chapter 29, Víðarr is introduced by the enthroned figure of High as "the silent god" with a thick shoe, that he is nearly as strong as the god Thor, and that the gods rely on him in times of immense difficulties.
In chapter 51, High foretells that, during Ragnarök, the wolf Fenrir will devour Odin, Víðarr will avenge him by stepping down with one foot on the lower jaw of the monster, grabbing his upper jaw in one hand and tearing his mouth apart, killing him. Víðarr's "thick shoe" is described as consisting of all the extra leather pieces that people have cut from their own shoes at the toe and heel, collected by the god throughout all time. Therefore, anyone who is concerned enough to give assistance to the gods should throw these pieces away.
54, following Ragnarök and the rebirth of the world, Víðarr
along with his brother Váli will have survived both the swelling
of the sea and the fiery conflagration unleashed by Surtr, completely
unharmed, and shall thereafter dwell on the field Iðavöllr, "where
the city of Asgard had previously been".
According to Skáldskaparmál, Víðarr was one of the twelve presiding male gods seated in their thrones at a banquet for the visiting Ægir. At a point in dialogue between the skaldic god Bragi and Ægir, Snorri himself begins speaking of the myths in euhemeristic terms and states that the historical equivalent of Víðarr was the Trojan hero Aeneas who survived the Trojan War and went on to achieve "great deeds".
in the book, various kennings are given for Víðarr, including
again the "silent As", "possessor of the iron shoe",
"enemy and slayer of Fenrisulf", "the gods' avenging As",
"father's homestead-inhabiting As", "son of Odin",
and "brother of the Æsir". In the tale of the god Thor's
visit to the hall of the jötunn Geirröd, Gríðr is
stated as the mother of "Víðarr the Silent" who assists
Thor in his journey. In chapter 33, after returning from Asgard and feasting
with the gods, Ægir invites the gods to come to his hall in three
months. Fourteen gods make the trip to attend the feast, including Víðarr.
In chapter 75, Víðarr's name appears twice in a list of Æsir.
* Byock, Jesse (Trans.) (2006). The Prose Edda. Penguin Classics. ISBN
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