Burgundian Netherlands (Personal union of Imperial and French fiefs)
The Seventeen Provinces
The County of Artois, The Duchy of Brabant, The County of Drenthe, the County of Flanders. The Lordship of Frisia, The Lordship of Groningen, The Duchy of Guelders,The County of Hainaut. The County of Holland,
The Duchy of Limburg, The Duchy of Luxemburg. The Lordship of Mechelen, The County of Namur. The Lordship of Overijssel, The Prince-Bishopric of Utrecht The County of Zeeland The County of Zutphen,
The County of Burgundy
Republic of the Swiss
Canton of Uri, Canton of Zürich, Canton of Appenzell, Canton of Bern, Canton of Lucerne, Canton of Schwyz, Canton of Unterwalden, Half-Canton of Obwalden, Half-Canton of Nidwalden, Canton of Glarus, Canton of Zug, (Wilderness Area) Lake Zürich
The kingdom of Mali grew into a large empire, and then declined
again. A major upheaval has affected Kanem. Faced with internal revolt and nomadic invasion from the east, a king moved south with his loyal followers and set up a new state in Bornu.
Islam has continued to spread. For example, during the 14th century the rulers of the Hausa city-states accepted Islam. The cities of the western savannah lands have become centres of Muslim scholarship.
New states have been formed amongst the Mossi people of the northern fringes of the forest region. These have become middlemen in the trade between the savannah and the forest. In the latter, Benin is now a flourishing city, and in Yorubaland, the city of Oyo was founded in 14th century, The West African trading networks have now reached the coast.
Large-scale immigration of Arabs into North Africa have made this region largely Arab-speaking.
(Settlement) Alexandria, (Settlement) Crocodilopolis “City of Crocodiles”, (Settlement) Bubastis “House of Bast“, (Settlement) Heliopolis “City of the Sun”, (Settlement) Dendera ‘She of the Divine Pillar.’, (Settlement) Nekhen “Hawk City”, (Settlement) Edfu, (Settlement) Ombos, (Settlement) Leontopolis “city of lions”, (Settlement) Lycopolis ‘wolf city’, (Settlement) Elephantine island, (Settlement) Seheil Island, (Settlement) Hermopolis “eight-town”, (Settlement) Sais (Zau), (Settlement) Kom Ombo, (Settlement) Amarna “Horizon of the Aten”, (Settlement) Abydos, (Settlement) Qift (Gebtu), (Settlement) Akhmim, (Settlement) Philae island, (Settlement) Thebes “City of Amun”, Theban Necropolis, (Settlement) Hermonthis, (Settlement) Memphis “everlasting places”, (Settlement) Cynopolis “City of the dog”, Valley of the Kings
(Place) The Forbidden City
(Wilderness Area) Himalayas