Kalevipoeg laudu kandmas. Pastell. 1914 Oskar Kallis (1892 – 1918)
Kaleva or Kalevi and his
sons are very important people or creatures in Finnish, Karelian and Estonian
stories. However many things about them are forgotten. In Estonian stories sons
of Kaleva are sons of King. In Finnish stories they are more often giants who
built several castles and lived in various regions of Finland. People told that
some things in nature, like big or weird stones, are made by Kaleva’s sons.
Stories tells that while people became Christians, they started to hate Kaleva’s
sons who remained pagans. Soon Kaleva’s sons had to go away. All the time Christian
people took more land, Kaleva’s sons had to go further away. At one island they
staid and did not want to leave. Priests came and they cursed Kaleva’s sons
until they took a big stone and sailed with it away. They have not seen since
that, but sometimes they come at night and hits crop or even forest down.
Almost the same thing happened
to Hiisi people who resembles trolls. Christian humans made them to flee also.
The name of Estonian national
Epos Kalevipoeg means “sons of Kalevi” and the name of Finnish national
epos Kalevala means “Land of Kaleva”.
Finnish people called Sirius
Kalevantähti which means “Star of Kaleva”. Belt of Orion was
called Kaleva’s sword.
According to 18th century
Finnish folklore-collector Kristfrid Ganander, Kaleva had 12 sons in total which
included such heroes as Väinämöinen, Ilmarinen and Hiisi amongst
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