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Edward Poynter (1836–1919) Catapulta Date 1868
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Catapult is any one of a number of non-handheld mechanical devices used to throw or hurl a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive substances—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines. Although the catapult has been used since ancient times, it is proven to be one of the most effective mechanisms during warfare.
The catapult appears to have been invented in 399 BC in the city of Syracuse during the reign of the tyrant Dionysius I.
Castles and fortified walled cities were common during this period - and catapults were used as a key siege weapon against them. As well as attempting to breach the walls, incendiary missiles could be thrown inside—or early biological warfare attempted with diseased carcasses or putrid garbage catapulted over the walls.
Designs include the torsion-powered mangonel, onager and ballista, and the gravity-powered trebuchet.
Catapults were gradually replaced by the cannon in the 14th century.
Catapults are stone-throwing siege engines powered by winched arms that run through torsion skeins, and hold their payload in a cup that swings up and over the weapon when released. Catapults can hurl a variety of different types of ammunition (the damage given is for stone projectiles; other types of ammunition can be found later in this chapter). They are indirect-fire siege engines.
Light: These catapults are Large and often mounted on wheels. The targeting DC of a light catapult is 15. Light catapults have a hardness of 5 and 50 hit points. Light catapult stones cost 10 gp and weigh 50 pounds each.
Standard: These Huge siege engines are too large to be transported to the battlefield in one piece, and require assembly. They typically hurl large stones indirectly at a target (targeting DC 20). Standard catapults have a hardness of 5 and 100 hit points. Standard catapult stones cost 15 gp and weigh 75 pounds each.
Heavy: These Gargantuan
siege engines are too large to be transported to the battlefield in one piece,
and require assembly. They typically hurl large stones indirectly at a target
(targeting DC 25). Heavy catapults have a hardness of 5 and 200 hit points.
Heavy catapult stones cost 25 gp and weigh 90 pounds each.
Section 15: Copyright Notice - Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Ultimate Combat
Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Ultimate Combat. © 2011, Paizo Publishing, LLC; Authors: Jason Bulmahn, Tim Hitchcock, Colin McComb, Rob McCreary, Jason Nelson, Stephen Radney-MacFarland, Sean K Reynolds, Owen K.C. Stephens, and Russ Taylor.
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