The Romans worship the same major gods as Greece but under their own names
|Practorian Name||Hellanic Name|
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They also have there own Gods
Abundantia (ah-boon-DAN-shee-ah) The Roman goddess of good fortune, abundance and prosperity.
Within Roman Mythology, the figure of Abundantia (also known as Annona) was considered to be only a minor deity: the personification of luck, abundance and prosperity, and was also the guardian of the cornucopia - the horn of plenty. It was with this that she distributed food and money. The main version of the origin of the cornucopia is similar in both the Greek and the Roman mythology, in which the king of the gods, having accidentally broken the horn of the mystical goat in play, promised that the horn would never run empty the fruits of her desire. The horn was then later to be passed into the keeping of Abundantia.
While there are few temples or signs of worship for Abudantia to be found within Rome, she has also been described in the past as 'the beautiful maiden of success', and as such is largely featured in art. Often portrayed as holding the cornicopia and sheaves of corn, while allowing the contents to fall to the ground, Abundantia's form has graced Roman coins in ages past.
Abudantia has withstood the tests of time, taking on the form of the French 'Olde Dame Habonde; also known as Domina Abundia, and Notre Dame d'Abondance', a beneficial fairy figure found throughout Teutonic Mythology, and poetry of the Middle Ages. Within texts related to this figure it is said that she would bestow the gift of plenty and of good fortune to those she visits, and in modern society is the patron of gamblers - the revered Lady Fortune.
"Bellona", by Rembrandt
Bellona was an Ancient Roman war goddess. She is believed to be one of the numinous gods of the Romans (without a particular mythology and possibly of Etruscan origin), and is supposed by many to have been the Romans' original war deity, predating the identification of Mars with Ares. She accompanied Mars into battle and is taken variously as his sister, wife or daughter. Her festival was celebrated on June 3. She is also (as at her temple in Ostia) syncreted with Magna Mater
Bellona's attribute is a sword and she is depicted wearing a helmet and armed with a spear and a torch.
Politically, all Senate meetings relating to foreign war were conducted in the Templum Bellonae (Temple of Bellona) on the Collis Capitolinus outside the pomerium.
Bellona's festival was celebrated on June 3.
Bona Dea was the perpetually virginal goddess, associated with virginity and fertility in women. She was also associated with healing, with the sick being tended to in her temple garden with medicinal herbs. She was regarded with great reverence by lower-class citizens, slaves and women; who went to her seeking aid in sickness or for fertility.
Bona Dea was invoked for healing and for freedom from slavery; many of her worshippers were freed slaves and plebeians, and many were women seeking aid in sickness or for fertility.
She was worshipped in a temple on the Aventine Hill, but her secret rites were performed in the home of a prominent Roman magistrate. The rites were held on December 4, and only included women. Even paintings or drawings of men or male animals were forbidden, along with the words "wine" and "myrtle" because she had once been beaten by Faunus with a myrtle stick after she got drunk. The rites were conducted annually by the wife of the senior magistrate present in Rome and were assisted by the Vestal Virgins. Very little is known about the ceremony, but the worship seems to have been agricultural in origin. The most famous event to do with this festival was its desecration by Publius Clodius in 62 BC by secretly attending the ceremony at the house of the pontifex maximus, Julius Caesar. During the ensuing trial, Clodius' alibi was destroyed by Cicero, which caused the animosity that would define their relationship from then on.
Bona Dea is usually depicted sitting on a throne, holding a cornucopia. The snake is her attribute, a symbol of healing, and consecrated snakes were kept in her temple at Rome, indicating her phallic nature. Her image frequently occurred on ancient Roman coins.
In Roman mythology, Cloacina ("sewer" or "purifier" in archaic Latin) was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima, the system of sewers in Rome. The Cloaca Maxima was a sewer said to be begun by Tarquinius Priscus and finished by Tarquinius Superbus. Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected a statue to her. She was originally derived from Etruscan mythology. As well as controlling sewers, she was also a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. Regardless of her original source, she later became identified with Venus.
Cloacina was worshipped as an aspect of Venus at the small Shrine of Venus Cloacina, situated before the Basilica Aemilia on the Roman Forum and directly above the Cloaca Maxima. Some Roman coins had images of Cloacina or her shrine on them. Cloacina was also worshipped with rhymed prayer.
In Roman mythology, the god Consus was the protector of grains and (subterranean) storage bins (silos), and as such was represented by a corn seed.
His altar was placed beneath the ground (or, according to other sources, simply covered with earth, which was swept off at his festival) near the Circus Maximus in Rome. Mule or horse races were the main event of the festival because the mule and the horse were Consus' sacred animals. Horses and mules were crowned with chaplets of flowers, and forbidden to work.
Shortly after his own festivals the ones for Ops, the Opiconsivia or Opalia, were held every August 25 and December 19, these being the periods respectively of the reaping and the seeding of crops.
Consus also became a god associated with secret conferences, perhaps due to a common misinterpretation of his name. The Latins (Romans) associated Consus' name with consilium ("councils, synagogues, assemblies; place where councils assemble"). This word should not be confused with "counsel" ("advice"). It in fact expresses the idea of "sitting together" (consentes), "being together" (Constitution-sum) or perhaps "called together, conclaimed" (Constitution-calare). The connection of Consus with these secret councils is attested by Servius (En. 8:636): Consus autem deus est consiliorum ("Consus is however the god of councils").
As such, it seems that Consus was a member of the council of the Di Consentes ("Council of the Gods") formed by six gods and six goddesses which assembled in order to assist Jupiter in making great decisions such as destroying Troy or Atlantis with a Flood, etc.. This tradition is due to the Etruscans, but is also widely attested in Greece as well, for instance, in Homer. It has to do with the Twelve Olympians of the Greek myths, and their twelve gods are the same as the ones of the Romans.
Consus was often called Neptunus Equestris ("Equestrian Neptune"). So, his connection with the Greek Poseidon (Neptune) can hardly be denied. Poseidon was also associated with horses and horse racing, a connection which is reminiscent of Atlantis (founded by Poseidon) and its magnificent hippodromes described by Plato in his Critias. According to tradition, it was in the course of the Consualia and its horse races that the Romans kidnapped the Sabine women which they married in order to found their own nation.
In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. His most prominent remnants in modern culture are his namesakes: the month of January, which begins the new year. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
His ability to see both forwards and backwards at the same time aided him in his pursuit of the nymph Cardea to whom he gave power over door hinges as a reward for her favours.
Janus was supposed to have shared a kingdom with Camese in Latium. They had many children, including Tiberinus.
When Romulus and his men kidnapped the Sabine women, Janus caused a volcanic hot spring to erupt, resulting in the would-be attackers being buried alive in the deathly hot, brutal water and ash mixture of the rushing hot volcanic springs, that killed, burned or disfigured many of Romulus' men. Romulus was in awe of the god's power (Later on, however, Sabine and Rome became allies) In honor of this, the doors to his temples were kept open during war so that Janus himself might easily watch this happen. The doors and gates were closed in ceremony when peace was concluded.
God of doorways, beginnings and ends, and decisions.
Domains: Balance, Destiny, Fate, Portal, Travel.
Roman moon goddess, Luna, had a temple on the Aventine Hill. It was built in the
sixth century BC, but was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome during Nero's reign.
There was also a temple dedicated to Luna Noctiluca ("Luna that shines by
night") on the Palatine Hill. There were festivals in honor of Luna on March
31, August 24 and August 29.
Mars, painting by Diego Velazquez.
Mars was the Roman warrior god, the son of Juno and Jupiter, husband of Bellona, and the lover of Venus. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October.
As the word Mars has no Indo-European derivation, it is most likely the Latinised form of the agricultural Etruscan god Maris. Initially Mars was a Roman god of fertility and vegetation and a protector of cattle, fields and boundaries. In the second century BCE, the conservative Cato the Elder advised "For your cattle, for them to be healthy, make this sacrifice to Mars Silvanus... If you want, you make this sacrifice each year". Mars later became associated with battle as the growing Roman Empire began to expand, and he came to be identified with the Greek god Ares. Unlike his Greek counterpart, Mars was generally revered and rivaled Jupiter as the most honoured god. He was also the tutelary god of the city of Rome. As he was regarded as the legendary father of Rome's founder, Romulus, it was believed that all Romans were descendants of Mars.
Originally Posted by
Kain Darkwind of the Dicefreaks forums.
Domains: Law, Plant, Protection, Strength, War
Medium outsider (Divine)
Hit Dice: 40d10 + 600 (1,000 hp)
Initiative: +17 (always first)
Speed: 60 ft. (50 ft. in armor)
Armor Class: 94 (+20 armor, +10 deflection, +9 Dexterity, +15 divine, +22 natural, +8 shield), touch 52, flat-footed 85, combat 90
Base Attack/Combat: +40/+71
Attack: longsword +91 melee (1d8 + 40 /17-20/x3) or Divine Blast +64 ranged touch (25d12) or javelin +79 ranged (1d6 + 28 /19-20)
Full Attack: 4 longswords +91 melee (1d8 + 40 /17-20/x3) and shield +91/+86/+81/+76 melee (1d8 + 32 /19-20)
Space/Reach: 5 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks: Alter Reality, blast, divine aura, shield, spell-like abilities, tactics
Special Qualities: Damage reduction 30/greater epic, damage reduction 15/-, immunity to cold, fast healing 35, resistance to electricity 40 and fire 40, Spell Resistance 55
Saves: Fort +58, Ref +40, Will +54
Abilities: Strength 42, Dexterity 28, Constitution 40, Intelligence 33, Wisdom 32, Charisma 31
Skills: Climb +84, Craft (armor) +42, Craft (weapons) +42, Diplomacy +68, Disguise +45, Handle Animal +68, Intimidate +68, Knowledge (engineering) +69, Knowledge (Geography) +50, Knowledge (history) +50, Knowledge (the planes) +50, Knowledge (religion) +50, Perception +69, Profession (engineer) +69, Ride (Dexterity)+67, Sense Motive +69, Survival +69, Swim +84
Feats: Cleave, Combat Expertise, Combat Reflexes, Defensive Combat Training, Diehard, Endurance, Great Cleave, Great Fortitude, Greater Two Weapon Fighting, Improved Disarm, Improved Initiative, Improved Shield Bash, Improved Two Weapon fighting, Iron Will, Mounted Combat, Power Attack, Quick Draw, Ride-By Attack, Shield Master, Shield Slam, Shield Specialization, Shield Ward, Spirited Charge, Trample, Two Weapon Fighting
Epic Feats: Epic Endurance, Epic Fortitude, Epic Will, Perfect Two-Weapon Fighting, Superior Initiative
Salient Divine Abilities: Alter Form, Alter Reality, Alter Size, Divine Blast, Divine Blessing (Constitution), Divine Blessing (Strength), Divine Fast Healing, Divine Fighter, Divine Marshal, Divine Might, Divine Right, Divine Shield, Divine Weapon Mastery, Divine Weapon Supremacy (sword), Supreme Initiative
Organization: Solitary (unique)
Challenge Rating: 41
Alignment: Lawful Neutral
Alter Reality (Ex): As a one round action, Mars can duplicate the effects of a 24th level spell or lower. (Caster level 15th, DC 55) He can duplicate the effects of his domain spells as a standard action, and they have a caster level of 40th.
Blast: 13/day as a standard action, Mars can unleash a Divine Blast dealing 25d12 damage.
Divine Aura: Will DC 55 negates, 1500 ft. radius. In addition, Mars provides his marshal benefits to all allies within range of his divine aura. Both auras have a +25 bonus. Mars may select any minor and major aura to be active.
Shield: 18/day as an immediate action, Mars can create a personal shield that withstands up to 150 points of damage. This shield ignores damage that Ares would not be harmed by due to immunities or resistances.
Tactics (Ex): 10/day, Mars can grant any and all allies within range of his divine aura an immediate move or standard action.
In Roman mythology, Pales was a deity of shepherds, flocks and livestock. Regarded as a male by some sources and a female by others, and even possibly as a pair of deities (as Pales could be either singular or plural in Latin).
Pales' festival, called the Parilia, was celebrated on April 21. Cattle were driven through bonfires on this day. Another festival to Pales, apparently dedicated "to the two Pales" (Palibus duobus) was held on July 7.
Marcus Atilius Regulus built a temple to Pales in Rome following his victory over the Salentini in 267 BC. It is generally thought to have been located on the Palatine Hill, but, being a victory monument, it may have been located on the route of the triumphal procession, either on the Campus Martius or the Aventine Hill.
* Richardson, L. (1992). A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. Baltimore
and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. (p. 282)
* Scullard, H.H. (1981). Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic. London: Thames and Hudson. (p. 104105)
Nicolas Fouché (16531733) c. 1700
Pomona was the goddess of plenty in Roman mythology. Her name comes from the Latin word, pomum, meaning "fruit." She scorned the love of Silvanus and Picus but married Vertumnus after he tricked her, disguised as an old woman. Her high priest was called the flamen Pomonalis. The pruning knife was her attribute.
Pomona was a uniquely Roman goddess, unusual in that she was never identified with any Greek counterpart. She was particularly associated with the blossoming of trees rather than with the harvest.
god of nature and the woods
god who had the power to change his shape
The Praectoreans have several Gods from other nations
Great mother goddess originally from The Amazons lands
God of soldiers and armies, who was originally from Troy known to his followers as the "lord of light"
god introduced to Practorians by the emperor
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