Fertile Crescent Places

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Le Proche-Orient à l'époque paléo-babylonienne.

Le Proche-Orient à l'époque paléo-babylonienne.

Fertile Crescent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Fertile Crescent is a region in Western Asia. It includes the comparatively fertile regions of Mesopotamia and the Levant, delimited by the dry climate of the Syrian Desert to the south and the Anatolian highlands to the north. The region is often considered the cradle of civilization, saw the development of many of the earliest human civilizations, and is the birthplace of writing and the wheel.

Modern-day countries with significant territory within the Fertile Crescent are Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Israel and the Palestinian Territories, besides the southeastern fringe of Turkey and the western fringe of Iran.


Assyria is located in north Mesopotamia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In the earliest historical times, the term Assyria referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. Later, as a nation and empire that came to control all of the Fertile Crescent, Egypt and much of Anatolia, the term "Assyria proper" referred to roughly the northern half of Mesopotamia (the southern half being Babylonia), with Nineveh as its capital.

The Assyrian homeland was located near a mountainous region, extending along the Tigris as far as the high Gordiaean or Carduchian mountain range of Armenia, sometimes known as the "Mountains of Ashur".

The Assyrian kings controlled a large kingdom at three different times in history. These are called the Old, Middle, and Neo-Assyrian kingdoms, or periods. The most powerful and best-known nation of these periods is the Neo-Assyrian kingdom, 911-612 BC.

Assyrians invented excavation to undermine city walls, battering rams to knock down walls and gates, concept of a corps of engineers, who bridged rivers with pontoons or provided soldiers with inflatable skins for swimming.

The Assyrian land is rich and fertile, with growing fields found in every region. Two large areas comprise the Assyrian breadbasket the Arbel plain and the Nineveh plain. This is from where Assyria derives her strength, as it can feed a large population of professionals and craftsman.



Ashur is the religious capital of Assyria, and the centre for worship of the god Ashur and the goddess Inanna. Ashur being the religious capital is also the reason for its being the capital. Other large cities have more inhabitants and are better situated strategically and easier to defend.
Ashur contains a large number of important religious buildings, and a handful of palaces about 34 temples and 3 palaces.

The Assyrian Region took its name from the city of Ashur.


Nineveh is a beautiful city of wide boulevards, large squares, parks, and gardens walled with 15 gates. The walls measure 12 km in circumference. Each gate is named after a god. Aqueducts and canals lead water from sources in the hills.

Nineveh has a religious centre devoted to Ishtar.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Babylonia, named for its capital city, Babylon, was an ancient state in the south part of Mesopotamia (in modern Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. The earliest mention of Babylon can be found in a tablet of the reign of Sargon of Akkad, dating back to the 23rd century BC.


Historically, two ethnic groups, the Sumerians and Akkadians, had dominated the region. An area intensely irrigated, and strategically located for trade routes and commerce, it was often under threat from outsiders throughout the region's history.




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