Romans worship the same major gods as Greece
but under their own names
D20 Profiles Marked with *
Entry’s Marked With ~
also have there own Gods
(ah-boon-DAN-shee-ah) The Roman goddess of good fortune, abundance and prosperity.
Roman Mythology, the figure of Abundantia (also known as Annona) was considered
to be only a minor deity: the personification of luck, abundance and prosperity,
and was also the guardian of the cornucopia – the horn of plenty. It was with
this that she distributed food and money. The main version of the origin of the
cornucopia is similar in both the Greek and the Roman mythology, in which the
king of the gods, having accidentally broken the horn of the mystical goat in
play, promised that the horn would never run empty the fruits of her desire. The
horn was then later to be passed into the keeping of Abundantia.
there are few temples or signs of worship for Abudantia to be found within Rome,
she has also been described in the past as ‘the beautiful maiden of success’,
and as such is largely featured in art. Often portrayed as holding the cornicopia
and sheaves of corn, while allowing the contents to fall to the ground, Abundantia’s
form has graced Roman coins in ages past.
has withstood the tests of time, taking on the form of the French ‘Olde Dame Habonde;
also known as Domina Abundia, and Notre Dame d’Abondance’, a beneficial fairy
figure found throughout Teutonic Mythology, and poetry of the Middle Ages. Within
texts related to this figure it is said that she would bestow the gift of plenty
and of good fortune to those she visits, and in modern society is the patron of
gamblers – the revered Lady Fortune.
was an Ancient Roman war goddess. She is believed to be one of the numinous gods
of the Romans (without a particular mythology and possibly of Etruscan origin),
and is supposed by many to have been the Romans’ original war deity, predating
the identification of Mars with Ares. She accompanied Mars into battle and is
taken variously as his sister, wife or daughter. Her festival was celebrated on
June 3. She is also (as at her temple in Ostia) syncreted with Magna Mater
attribute is a sword and she is depicted wearing a helmet and armed with a spear
and a torch.
all Senate meetings relating to foreign war were conducted in the Templum Bellonae
(Temple of Bellona) on the Collis Capitolinus outside the pomerium.
festival was celebrated on June 3.
Dea was the perpetually virginal goddess, associated with virginity and fertility
in women. She was also associated with healing, with the sick being tended to
in her temple garden with medicinal herbs. She was regarded with great reverence
by lower-class citizens, slaves and women; who went to her seeking aid in sickness
or for fertility.
Dea was invoked for healing and for freedom from slavery; many of her worshippers
were freed slaves and plebeians, and many were women seeking aid in sickness or
was worshipped in a temple on the Aventine Hill, but her secret rites were performed
in the home of a prominent Roman magistrate. The rites were held on December 4,
and only included women. Even paintings or drawings of men or male animals were
forbidden, along with the words “wine” and “myrtle” because
she had once been beaten by Faunus with a myrtle stick after she got drunk. The
rites were conducted annually by the wife of the senior magistrate present in
Rome and were assisted by the Vestal Virgins. Very little is known about the ceremony,
but the worship seems to have been agricultural in origin. The most famous event
to do with this festival was its desecration by Publius Clodius in 62 BC by secretly
attending the ceremony at the house of the pontifex maximus, Julius Caesar. During
the ensuing trial, Clodius’ alibi was destroyed by Cicero, which caused the animosity
that would define their relationship from then on.
Dea is usually depicted sitting on a throne, holding a cornucopia. The snake is
her attribute, a symbol of healing, and consecrated snakes were kept in her temple
at Rome, indicating her phallic nature. Her image frequently occurred on ancient
Roman mythology, Cloacina (“sewer” or “purifier” in archaic
Latin) was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima, the system of sewers
in Rome. The Cloaca Maxima was a sewer said to be begun by Tarquinius Priscus
and finished by Tarquinius Superbus. Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected
a statue to her. She was originally derived from Etruscan mythology. As well as
controlling sewers, she was also a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage.
Regardless of her original source, she later became identified with Venus.
was worshipped as an aspect of Venus at the small Shrine of Venus Cloacina, situated
before the Basilica Aemilia on the Roman Forum and directly above the Cloaca Maxima.
Some Roman coins had images of Cloacina or her shrine on them. Cloacina was also
worshipped with rhymed prayer.
Roman mythology, the god Consus was the protector of grains and (subterranean)
storage bins (silos), and as such was represented by a corn seed.
altar was placed beneath the ground (or, according to other sources, simply covered
with earth, which was swept off at his festival) near the Circus Maximus in Rome.
Mule or horse races were the main event of the festival because the mule and the
horse were Consus’ sacred animals. Horses and mules were crowned with chaplets
of flowers, and forbidden to work.
after his own festivals the ones for Ops, the Opiconsivia or Opalia, were held
every August 25 and December 19, these being the periods respectively of the reaping
and the seeding of crops.
also became a god associated with secret conferences, perhaps due to a common
misinterpretation of his name. The Latins (Romans) associated Consus’ name with
consilium (“councils, synagogues, assemblies; place where councils assemble”).
This word should not be confused with “counsel” (“advice”).
It in fact expresses the idea of “sitting together” (consentes), “being
together” (Constitution-sum) or perhaps “called together, conclaimed” (Constitution-calare).
The connection of Consus with these secret councils is attested by Servius (En.
8:636): Consus autem deus est consiliorum (“Consus is however the god of
such, it seems that Consus was a member of the council of the Di Consentes (“Council
of the Gods”) formed by six gods and six goddesses which assembled in order
to assist Jupiter in making great decisions such as destroying Troy or Atlantis
with a Flood, etc.. This tradition is due to the Etruscans, but is also widely
attested in Greece as well, for instance, in Homer. It has to do with the Twelve
Olympians of the Greek myths, and their twelve gods are the same as the ones of
often called Neptunus Equestris (“Equestrian Neptune”). So, his
connection with the Greek Poseidon (Neptune) can hardly be denied. Poseidon
was also associated with horses and horse racing, a connection which is reminiscent
of Atlantis (founded by Poseidon) and its magnificent hippodromes described
by Plato in his Critias. According to tradition, it was in the course of the
Consualia and its horse races that the Romans kidnapped the Sabine women which
they married in order to found their own nation.
Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings
and endings. His most prominent remnants in modern culture are his namesakes:
the month of January, which begins the new year. He is most often depicted as
having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is one of the
few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
ability to see both forwards and backwards at the same time aided him in his pursuit
of the nymph Cardea to whom he gave power over
door hinges as a reward for her favours.
was supposed to have shared a kingdom with Camese in Latium. They had many children,
and his men kidnapped the Sabine women, Janus caused a volcanic hot spring
to erupt, resulting in the would-be attackers being buried alive in the deathly
hot, brutal water and ash mixture of the rushing hot volcanic springs, that
killed, burned or disfigured many of Romulus’ men. Romulus was in awe of the
god’s power (Later on, however, Sabine and Rome became allies) In honor of
this, the doors to his temples were kept open during war so that Janus himself
might easily watch this happen. The doors and gates were closed in ceremony
when peace was concluded.
God of doorways, beginnings and ends, and decisions.
Domains: Balance, Destiny, Fate, Portal, Travel.
Roman moon goddess, Luna, had a temple on the Aventine Hill. It was built in the
sixth century BC, but was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome during Nero’s reign.
There was also a temple dedicated to Luna Noctiluca (“Luna that shines by
night”) on the Palatine Hill. There were festivals in honor of Luna on March
31, August 24 and August 29.
painting by Diego Velazquez.
was the Roman warrior god, the son of Juno and Jupiter, husband of Bellona, and
the lover of Venus. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped
by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only
to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October.
the word Mars has no Indo-European derivation, it is most likely the Latinised
form of the agricultural Etruscan god Maris. Initially Mars was a Roman god of
fertility and vegetation and a protector of cattle, fields and boundaries. In
the second century BCE, the conservative Cato the Elder advised “For your
cattle, for them to be healthy, make this sacrifice to Mars Silvanus… If you
want, you make this sacrifice each year”. Mars later became associated with
battle as the growing Roman Empire began to expand, and he came to be identified
with the Greek god Ares. Unlike his Greek counterpart, Mars was generally revered
and rivaled Jupiter as the most honoured god. He was also the tutelary god of
the city of Rome. As he was regarded as the legendary father of Rome’s founder,
Romulus, it was believed that all Romans were descendants of Mars.
Darkwind of the Dicefreaks forums.
Domains: Law, Plant, Protection, Strength, War
Hit Dice: 40d10 + 600 (1,000 hp)
Initiative: +17 (always first)
Speed: 60 ft. (50 ft. in armor)
Armor Class: 94 (+20 armor, +10 deflection,
+9 Dexterity, +15 divine, +22 natural, +8 shield), touch 52, flat-footed 85, combat
Base Attack/Combat: +40/+71
Attack: longsword +91 melee (1d8 + 40 /17-20/x3)
Blast +64 ranged touch (25d12) or javelin +79 ranged (1d6 + 28 /19-20)
Full Attack: 4 longswords +91 melee (1d8 + 40 /17-20/x3) and shield +91/+86/+81/+76
melee (1d8 + 32 /19-20)
Space/Reach: 5 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks: Alter
Reality, blast, divine aura, shield, spell-like abilities, tactics
Qualities: Damage reduction 30/greater epic, damage reduction 15/-, immunity to
cold, fast healing 35, resistance to electricity 40 and fire 40, Spell
Saves: Fort +58, Ref +40, Will +54
Abilities: Strength 42, Dexterity 28, Constitution 40,
Intelligence 33, Wisdom 32, Charisma 31
Skills: Climb +84, Craft (armor) +42, Craft (weapons)
+42, Diplomacy +68, Disguise +45, Handle Animal +68, Intimidate +68, Knowledge
(engineering) +69, Knowledge
(Geography) +50, Knowledge
(history) +50, Knowledge
(the planes) +50, Knowledge
(religion) +50, Perception +69, Profession (engineer)
+69, Ride (Dexterity)+67, Sense
Motive +69, Survival +69, Swim +84
Feats: Cleave, Combat
Combat Training, Diehard, Endurance, Great Cleave, Great Fortitude, Greater
Two Weapon Fighting, Improved Disarm,
Improved Initiative, Improved
Shield Bash, Improved
Two Weapon fighting, Iron
Attack, Quick Draw, Ride-By Attack, Shield Master, Shield Slam,
Shield Specialization, Shield Ward, Spirited
Charge, Trample, Two
Epic Feats: Epic
Two-Weapon Fighting, Superior
Salient Divine Abilities: Alter
Form, Alter Reality, Alter
Blessing (Constitution), Divine
Divine Fast Healing, Divine Fighter, Divine Marshal, Divine Might, Divine Right,
Weapon Mastery, Divine Weapon Supremacy (sword), Supreme
Organization: Solitary (unique)
Alignment: Lawful Neutral
Reality (Ex): As a one round action, Mars can duplicate the effects
of a 24th level spell or lower. (Caster level 15th, DC 55) He can duplicate the
effects of his domain spells as a standard action, and they have a caster level
13/day as a standard action, Mars can unleash a Divine
Blast dealing 25d12
Aura: Will DC 55 negates, 1500 ft. radius. In addition, Mars provides his
marshal benefits to all allies within range of his divine aura. Both auras have
a +25 bonus. Mars may select any minor and major aura to be active.
18/day as an immediate action, Mars can create a personal shield that withstands
up to 150 points of damage. This shield ignores damage that Ares would not be
harmed by due to immunities or resistances.
(Ex): 10/day, Mars can grant any and all allies within range of his divine
aura an immediate move or standard action.
Roman mythology, Pales was a deity of shepherds, flocks and livestock. Regarded
as a male by some sources and a female by others, and even possibly as a pair
of deities (as Pales could be either singular or plural in Latin).
festival, called the Parilia, was celebrated on April 21. Cattle were driven through
bonfires on this day. Another festival to Pales, apparently dedicated “to
the two Pales” (Palibus duobus) was held on July 7.
Atilius Regulus built a temple to Pales in Rome following his victory over the
Salentini in 267 BC. It is generally thought to have been located on the Palatine
Hill, but, being a victory monument, it may have been located on the route of
the triumphal procession, either on the Campus Martius or the Aventine Hill.
* Richardson, L. (1992). A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. Baltimore
and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. (p. 282)
* Scullard, H.H.
(1981). Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic. London: Thames and Hudson.
Fouché (16531733) c. 1700
was the goddess of plenty in Roman mythology. Her name comes from the Latin word,
pomum, meaning “fruit.” She scorned the love of Silvanus and Picus but
married Vertumnus after he tricked her, disguised as an old woman. Her high priest
was called the flamen Pomonalis. The pruning knife was her attribute.
was a uniquely Roman goddess, unusual in that she was never identified with any
Greek counterpart. She was particularly associated with the blossoming of trees
rather than with the harvest.
of nature and the woods
who had the power to change his shape
Praectoreans have several Gods from other nations
mother goddess originally from The
of soldiers and armies, who was originally from Troy
known to his followers as the “lord of light”
god introduced to Practorians by the emperor
Details to follow
Worlds of Mankind is owned and created by Mark John Goodwin
text on this page is Open Game Content, and is licensed for public use under the
terms of the Open Game License v1.0a.
System and the d20 System logo are trademarks of Wizards of
the Coast, Inc.
and are used according to the terms of the d20 System License
A copy of this License can be found at www.wizards.com/d20.