Spatha, the soldier is dressed lilke a roman soldier about
175 in a german province
was a type of straight sword with a long point, in use throughout 1st millennium
Europe and the territory of the Roman Empire until about AD 600. Later swords
through about AD 1000 are recognizable derivatives, though not spatha.
the spatha date to the late Celtic Bronze Age in Europe and the use of full-length
bronze cavalry & charioteer swords by Celtic warriors during the Hallstatt
era. These gave way to first iron, then the piled-rod composite iron/steel long
swords of the La Tene era circa 480 BC. By the 3rd century BC, the Celts were
using pattern-welded long swords in Europe that would continue in use through
the Celto/Roman era and eventually into the later Migration era [Pleiner (1993)
The Celtic Sword]. Long-established sword making centers typically produced
spatha sword blades in lots that would then be sold to the various recipients
for final hilting. For this reason, it is often difficult to distinguish the
weapons used by the Romans from those of their adversaries without some other
contextual basis to go by, such as other artifacts in a tomb or burial, etc.
Also, the Romans made extensive use of Celtic and later Germanic cavalry conscripts
and mercenaries who often retained use of their traditional weapons while on
campaign – even though they were serving the Roman army.
no evidence that the spatha was used exclusively for slashing. It apparently
simply replaced the gladius in the front ranks, giving the infantry more reach
many instances of the spatha have been found in Britain and Germany. It was
used extensively by Germanic warriors but whether it came from the Pompeii gladius
or the longer Celtic swords or served as a model for the various broadswords
and Viking swords of Europe is a highly speculative topic. The spatha remained
popular throughout the Migration period. It could have evolved into the knightly
sword of the High Middle Ages from about 1100, but the large number of sword
types that appeared during the period are difficult to connect for certain.
Specific details of their manufacture and the models used by their manufacturers
remain chiefly unknown.
Melee Weapons (Martial)
|Spatha||10 gp||1d6||2d4||18-20/×2||–||12 lb.
A spatha is
a heavy broadsword type weapon, being typically between 30 and 40 inches long
and having a particularly broad and strong lemmet. A spatha is therefore more
durable than an ordinary sword. Due to its weight and its robust application
in warfare, it more easily draws more crippling wounds. The swords equipped
by prestigious Viking warriors are examples of this type of sword.
A character wielding a spatha gets a +4 circumstance bonus on any attack
rolls associated with Sunder attempts and with defending against Sunder attempts
even if he or she wields it with one hand.
of Mankind is owned and created by Mark John Goodwin
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