Aegean Iron Age (1183 –700 BC)

1183 – * Iron Age – During this age humans live an existence of toil and misery and the gods will have completely forsaken humanity: “there will be no help against evil.”

  • Jan 12 1183 The return and murder of Agamemnon
  • 1183-1173 The Odyssey
  • 1183 Agapenor becomes king of Paphos in Cyprus
  • 1180 Teucer founds Salamis in Cyprus
  • 1179 Odysseus held captive by Calypso
  • 1178 The suitors vie for Penelope
  • 1175 Menelaus flees Egypt
  • 1175 The vengeance of Orestes against Clytemnestra and Aegistheus
  • 1175-1174 Orestes is pursued by the Erinnyes
  • 1173 Odysseus returns to Ithaca. Hermes fathers Pan by Penelope
  • 1181 —Menestheus, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus.
  • 1173 Orestes kills Aletes son of Aegistheus grandson of Thyestes after he usurps the throne when Orestes ends his search for Iphigenia
  • 1160 Odysseus is accidentally killed by his son Telegonus
  • 1158 Orestes is told by the Delphic Oracle to move from Mycenae to Arkadia and is killed by a snake bite while founding new cities.
  • 1154 —Death of King Menelaus of Sparta
  • 1154 —Suicide of exiled Queen Helen of Sparta at Rhodes.
  • 1153 Autesion expelled from Thebes after he defects to the Heraklids.
  • 1153 The Herakilds resume their attacks on Mycenae fifty years on.
  • (Indications of serious destruction of houses outside walls of Mycenae c.1150 BC)
  • 1153 The Pelasgians and Thracians capture Thebes
  • 1150 Demophon dies in Cyprus
  • 1147 —Demophon King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 33 years and is succeeded by his son Oxyntes.
  • 1135 —Oxyntes King of Athens, dies after a reign of 12 years and is succeeded by his elder son Apheidas.
  • 1134 —Apheidas King of Athens, is assassinated and succeeded by his younger brother Thymoetes after a reign of 1 year.
  • 1130 The Cadmians return to Thebes and expel the Pelasgians who then flee to Athens.
  • 1130 Penthilus the son of Orestes seizes Lesbos
  • 1129 Xanthus the last king of Thebes is killed in a duel with Andropompus or Melanthus who becomes king of Athens.
  • 1124 Tisamenus the son of Orestes rules over Mycenae
  • 1113 The first Dorian fleet is sunk at Naupactus
  • 1103 The Heraklids defeat Tsiamneus the son of Orestes and conquer the Peloponnese (Indications of invasion of Mycenae by people from Central Asia c.1100 BC. Attack on Asia Minor by Tiglath-Pileser I king of Assyria in 1110 BC.)
  • 1100 BC—Greek Dark Ages begin.
  • 1089 BC—Melanthus, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 37 years and is succeeded by his son Codrus.
  • 1068 Codrus, King of Athens, dies in battle against Dorian invaders after a reign of 21 years. Athenian tradition considers him the last King to have held absolute power. He is succeeded by his son Medon.
  • 1000 Helladic period ended in Ancient Greece
  • 776 Traditional date for the first historic Olympic games.
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