Neolithic 12,000 (“New Stone Age”)

11,000 B.C. – Disappearance of the land bridge between North America and Asia.

10500-8000 BC: the Natufians, groups of sedentary hunter-gatherers in the western fertile crescent, developed a way of life that revolutionized the world; they lived in permanent villages built wooden huts with stone foundations, harvested wild grains with flint sickles, and used grinding stones to process their harvests. Their cities included the city of Jericho. They lived in semi-subterranean, semi-circle houses.

10,000 years ago. Defeat of the Frost Giants

10,000 years ago. Holocene —Dire Wolf, Smilodon, Giant Beaver, Ground Sloth, Giant Imperial Mammoth, Woolly Mammoth, Mastodons, Giant Short-Faced Bear, American Cheetah, Scimitar Cats (Homotherium), Camels, American Horses, and American Lions all become extinct.

10,000 BC Earliest settlers arrive in Ireland, in the Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age period. They cross by land bridge from Scotland. These people are mainly hunters but they did not war as they were still worshipers of the Great Goddess. Retreat of ice and warming of climate in Wales. Nomadic hunter gatherers in Anglesey and Lleyn.

c. 10,000 BC: The time of Conan. The Cimmerian barbarian wipes out the last serpent people in their Hyborian city of Yanyoga.

All continents (except Antarctica) inhabited, Agriculture and the domestication of animals begins.

c. 9600 BC: The Hyborian Age begins to end, as the nations and peoples of the era begin to fight. Aquilonia and Hyperborea battle, the Picts and Hyrkanians wreak havoc across the land, and the Vanir destroy Stygia. The Aesir settle in Nemedia, and the Cimmerians war against the Hyrkanians before retreating to the east. The Hyborians themselves are overwhelmed by another northern people. This is the time of the heroic Ghor Kin-Slayer of the Aesir, and the warlord Gorm of the Picts.

c. 9550 BC: A final cataclysm destroys the Hyborian world and rises new land masses, moving the world into more or less its modern configuration. Portions of the Hyborian continent, Poseidonis, and Mu all sink beneath the waves. In later times, this event is remembered as the Great Flood.

The lloigor scatter across the world, settling in the Middle East, New England, Wales, and elsewhere.

The Black Lotus is taken from the collapsing Stygia to the Plateaus of Leng and Sung, where it continues to be cultivated. In the remnants of Stygia, the Vanir found the country of Khem.

The Brythunians emigrate to a land east of Khem and become the priests of Mitra, keeping their bloodline pure and separate from the local population.

The city of Sarnath is founded in Mesopotamia by another group of humans, near the Thuum’ha city of Ib. The people of Sarnath grow to dislike the people of Ib.

The province of Averoigne is founded by a people called the Averones (survivors of Atlantis) in modern-day France.

Between c. 9550 BC and c. 7000 BC: The First Dynasty of Khem falls. A race of human-alien hybrids takes their place, building the earliest pyramids.

c. 9000 BC: The men of Sarnath slaughter the Thuum’ha of Ib, and are visited thereafter by omens promising doom.

c. 8000 BC: Bokrug, god of the Thuum’ha, brings doom to Sarnath.

Followers of the prophet Kish, who foretold Sarnath’s doom, flee the city. The Testament of Kish, which tells of Sarnath’s destruction, is written shortly afterwards- however, it is wholly lost. Kish’s followers also translate the Book of Eibon into the Mnar language.

8500- 7000 years ago, humans in the Fertile Crescent in Middle East began the systematic husbandry of plants and animals: agriculture. This spread to neighboring regions, and developed independently elsewhere, until most Humans lived sedentary lives in permanent settlements as farmers.

Ploughing with a yoke of horned cattle in Ancient Egypt. Painting from the burial chamber of Sennedjem, c. 1200 BC
Ploughing with a yoke of horned cattle in Ancient Egypt. Painting from the burial chamber of Sennedjem, c. 1200 BC

Not all societies abandoned nomadism, especially those in isolated areas of the globe poor in domesticable plant species, such as Australia. However, among those civilizations that did adopt agriculture, the relative stability and increased productivity provided by farming allowed the population to expand.

Agriculture had a major impact; humans began to affect the environment as never before. Surplus food allowed a priestly or governing class to arise, followed by increasing division of labor. This led to Earth’s first civilization at Sumer in the Middle East

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