Agamemnon

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Agamemnon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Agamemnon is one of the most distinguished heroes, the son of King Atreus of Mycenae and Queen Aerope, and brother of Menelaus.

Early life

Agamemnon's father Atreus was murdered by Aegisthus, who took possession of the throne of Mycenae and ruled jointly with his father Thyestes. During this period Agamemnon and his brother, Menelaus, took refuge with Tyndareus, king of Sparta. There they respectively married Tyndareus' daughters Clytemnestra and Helen. Agamemnon and Clytemnestra had five children: four daughters, Iphigeneia, Electra, Chrysothemis, and Iphianissa and one son, Orestes.

Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta, while Agamemnon, with his brother's assistance, drove out Aegisthus and Thyestes to recover his father's kingdom. He extended his dominion by conquest and became the most powerful prince in Greece.

However, Agamemnon's family history, dating back to legendary king Pelops, had been marred by pederastic rape, murder, incest, and treachery. This violent past brought misfortune upon the entire House of Atreus.

The Trojan War

Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. Misfortunes, including a plague and a lack of wind, prevented the army from sailing. Finally, the prophet Calchas announced that the wrath of the goddess could only be propitiated by the sacrifice of Agamemnon's daughter Iphigeneia. Agamemnon did eventually sacrifice Iphigeneia. Her death appeased Artemis, and the Greek army set out for Troy.

Agamemnon was the commander-in-chief of the Greeks during the Trojan War. During the fighting, Agamemnon killed Antiphus. Agamemnon's teamster, Halaesus, later fought with Aeneas in Italy. The Iliad tells the story of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles in the final year of the war. Agamemnon took an attractive slave and spoil of war Briseis from Achilles. Achilles, the greatest warrior of the age, withdrew from battle in revenge and nearly cost the Greek armies the war.

Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon was a dignified representative of kingly authority. As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and led the army in battle. He took the field himself, and performed many heroic deeds until he was wounded and forced to withdraw to his tent. His chief fault was his overweening haughtiness. An over-exalted opinion of his position led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks.

After the capture of Troy, Cassandra, doomed prophetess and daughter of Priam, fell to his lot in the distribution of the prizes of war.

After a stormy voyage, Agamemnon and Cassandra landed in Argolis. Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife, had taken a lover, Aegisthus, and they invited Agamemnon to a banquet at which he was treacherously slain. Agamemnon was slain by his wife alone in a bath, a net having first been thrown over him to prevent resistance. Clytemnestra also killed Cassandra. Her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia, and her jealousy of Cassandra, are said to have been the motives of her crime. Aegisthus and Clytemnestra then ruled Agamemnon's kingdom for a time, but the murder of Agamemnon was eventually avenged by his son Orestes with the help of Electra.

Roleplaying Notes

Trojan War: Roleplaying in the Age of Homeric Adventure

A Mythic Vistas Sourcebook for the d20 System
Written by Aaron Rosenberg

Agamemnon is a handsome, powerfully built man just past his prime. He has strong, craggy features and a full beard, dressing in simple but handsome clothing or in glittering armor. He is the king of Mycenae and overlord of Achaea.

A strong king and a good ruler who considers the welfare of his people, his fl aw is his greed. He uses his position to claim the best prizes for himself after a military conquest. He gets angry when anyone contests his authority, and dislikes Achilles because he knows they need the younger man’s strength.

Agamemnon is closest to his brother Menelaus, and to Odysseus and Nestor.

Agamemnon
Male human Fighter 10/Orator 4
Medium humanoid
Hit Dice 10d10+30 plus 4d6+12; hp 115
Initiative +3
Speed 25 ft.
Armor Class AC 33, touch 11, fl at-footed 32
Base Attack/Grapple +12 Grp +15
Attack +23 melee (1d8+9, Scepter of the Atreides) or +14 ranged (1d8+4, +1 throwing spear)
Full Attack +23/+18/+13 melee (1d8+9, Scepter of the Atreides) or +16/+11/+6 melee (1d6+4/19-20, +1 short sword) or +14 ranged (1d8+4, +1 throwing spear)
Space/Reach 5 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks suggest, taunt; SQ captive audience, charmer, glib
Special Qualities -
Saves Fort +11, Ref +5, Will +9
Abilities Strength 16, Dexterity 12, Constitution 16, Intelligence 14, Wisdom 14, Charisma 20.
Skills Appraise +6, Bluff +14 (+18 audience, +22 audiences of commoners), Diplomacy +14 (+18 audience, +22 audiences of commoners), Disguise +5 (+7 acting), Gather Information +9, Intimidate +25 (+29 audience, +33 audiences of commoners), Knowledge (tactics) +10, Perform (oratory) +15 (+19 audience, +23 audience of commoners), Sense Motive +8;
Feats Cleave, Combat Expertise, Distinctive*, Endurance, Greater Weapon Focus (heavy mace), Noble*, Persuasive, Power Attack, Quick Draw, Skill Focus (Perform: oratory), Weapon Focus (heavy mace), Weapon Specialization (heavy mace).
Environment -
Organization -
Challenge Rating 14
Treasure -
Alignment Lawful Good

Possessions: Agamemnon’s armor, +2 chased round bronze shield, scepter of Atreus, +1 throwing spear, +1 bronze short sword.

Agamemnon’s Armor

This +6 chased burnished layered bronze panoply includes a handsome pair of greaves with silver ankle clips and a four layered plumed helmet. The most stunning piece, however, is the cuirass, which King Cinyras of Crete gave to Agamemnon. The cuirass has two layers of bronze, but atop the outer layer are enameled strips: 10 of dark blue enamel, 12 of gold, and 20 of tin. Six iridescent enameled snakes, which rise up three on each side, encircle the neck of the cuirass. Th is cuirass protects Agamemnon from any poison of any kind. Finally, anyone seeing this cuirass must make a DC 15 Will save or become panicked.

Strong enchantment; CL 20th; Weight 25 lb.

Scepter of Atreus

Hephaestus crafted this studded golden scepter for Zeus, who gave it to Hermes, who then gave it to Pelops. When Pelops left his kingdom in the hands of Atreus and Thyestes, he gave them the scepter as the sign of rulership. Atreus eventually passed it to his son, Agamemnon. Th e scepter functions as a +6 heavy mace and grants the wielder a +4 bonus to his Charisma score.

Strong transmutation; CL 18th; Weight 8 lb.

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